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“To date, Ukraine is using all its capabilities and forces to resist Russia. And Russia’s capabilities in terms of armament, in terms of the number of military personnel, are far superior,” he said. she stated. “And no matter how hard Ukraine tries, no matter how professional our military is, we cannot win this war without the help of partners.

Building and maintaining international political support has been at the heart of recent Ukrainian presidents. But in times of war, this turned into a tangible (and urgent) need for military hardware – and it became a sort of high-stakes sport for President Volodymyr Zelensky and those around him to measure solidarity. world leaders.

For Ukrainians and politicians, this is how the list of world leaders looks today.

Joe Biden, the essential ally

The US president is a trusted partner, even if Kyiv hasn’t always gotten what he wants from Washington. Prior to the February invasion, the United States overestimated Russian forces and did not appear to trust the Ukrainian military’s ability to actively resist or the utility of sending weapons to Kyiv. Some in the Pentagon predicted the capital would fall within 96 hours.

Joe Biden has received widespread praise in Ukraine calling Putin a war criminal and a butcher.

This began to change with the impressive display of the Ukrainian army, pushing back against Russia in the first weeks of the war. But Ukrainian Pravdawrites that the real turning point in the question of armaments was the meeting at the American base at Ramstein in Germany on April 26. It was there that an agreement in principle was reached to increase the supply of arms to Ukraine, both in quantity and quality. Heavy armament, such as the M777 155 millimeter howitzer, was delivered for the first time after Lend-Lease was adopted. The support continued this week with another $1 billion pledged to Kyiv on Wednesday evening.

But beyond the material, Joe Biden has won plenty of praise in Ukraine by calling Putin a war criminal and a clog while finding ways to keep his distance from his nuclear adversary.

Overall, Ukrainians understand that the United States is today the main driver of sanctions against Russia, and by far the leader in terms of the number of weapons transferred to Ukraine. Again and again, even in new circumstances, the United States remains what Madeleine Albright called in 1998: the indispensable nation.

However, Ukrainians understand that the world has changed… and that an indispensable ally is not enough to defeat Russia.

Emmanuel Macron, trust issues

Perhaps no other politician in Ukraine is more mocked than the French president. According to his own statements, he has spent more than 100 hours on the phone with Putin in the past six months – and is proud to say he continues to call him regularly.

It seemed to culminate when Macron urged his allies “not to humiliate Russia”.

However, France continues to supply Ukraine with weapons, howitzers and anti-tank missiles, and to train its soldiers. The decision to supply heavy weapons is still under consideration, as is France’s decision to support Ukraine’s EU candidate status.

It is no exaggeration to say that Ukrainians do not trust Macron. Kyiv weekly Zerkalo Nedeliwrites that Russian security services have dirt on every French president – whether related to corruption or their private lives. Russian fake news tried to smear Macron during his first campaign in 2017.

Russian political activist Andrei Piontkovsky points out that a week into Macron’s first term in 2017, Putin was at the Elysee Palace for a press conference, and Macron launched a frontal attack on Putin and the Russian media who had spread rumors about him.

No Western leader had ever spoken to Putin like that. But a month later there was an economic summit in St. Petersburg, where everyone was surprised to see a completely different Macron, “so shy, wagging his tail in the presence of Putin,” Piontkovsky said.

Although Macron had strong words on Thursday against the Russian invasion, the suspicion remains that he might have something to hide that cannot necessarily be relied on when the going gets tough.

Olaf Scholz, too close to Putin

It was during a recent interview with the German television channel ZDF that Volodymyr Zelensky decided not to hold back (publicly) anymore.

“We need Chancellor Scholz to make sure that Germany will support Ukraine,” Zelensky insisted. “He and his government have to make a decision: you can’t try to balance between Ukraine and relations with Russia, you have to choose.”

The tensions between Ukraine and Germany are caused not only by Scholz’s lenient policy towards Putin, but also by persistent delays in the delivery of weapons, tanks and artillery. The German publication The Spiegel wrote that the real reason for withholding arms is the fear that Ukraine will become overconfident and decide to invade Russia.

Doubts about Germany’s policy on Russia date back to previous administrations, and Angela Merkel was recently forced to justify the way she treated Putin during her 16 years in power. But the real suspicions around Scholz are his closeness to another former chancellor, Gerhard Schroeder, a close friend of Putin before and after his tenure.

Boris Johnson and Andrzej Duda, all in

Since the Russian invasion, Ukraine’s most assured and active political allies have been Britain and, unsurprisingly, Poland. While Ukraine’s military has been receiving military aid from its closest neighbors like Poland since 2014, Britain’s intransigent stance has come as a pleasant surprise.

Relations with the two countries grew much stronger during the months of war, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Polish President Andrzej Duda were among the first to visit Kyiv and assured Zelensky not only of armed support and finance, but also proposed to form a military coalition. to ensure mutual security even after the war – especially important in the face of the failure of the Budapest memorandum (Britain, the United States and Russia signed a memorandum on the protection of Ukraine in exchange for abandoning nuclear weapons) and the weakening of NATO.

Can’t forget that Poland hosted most of the refugees

It should also be noted, and not forgotten, that it was Poland that received the bulk of the refugees from Ukraine and ensured their transfer to other European countries.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Xi Jinping, looking for an angle

Erdogan and Putin go back a long way and have common interests.

The Kazakh editorial staff of Radio Liberty writes that it was Turkey and China that proved to be the two countries most eager to score points during Russia’s war in Ukraine.

“The activity of Turkey and China in Central Asia [since the start of the war] increased markedly,” says Erica Marat, a researcher at the National Defense University in Washington. “Both countries see an opportunity to expand their presence in the region.

Turkey has recently expanded its presence in Central Asia by signing trade and defense agreements and increasing its arms sales to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

China, meanwhile, pursues its own security interests in the region and secures access to energy and other raw materials. Still, Beijing’s love is conditional and Putin was unable to demonstrate a convincing victory, which worries the Chinese Communist Party, which doesn’t like losers.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, at a recent meeting of Chinese and Central Asian foreign ministers in Nur-Sultan, “expressed deep concern over the serious repercussions of the Ukraine crisis” and urged the governments of Central Asia to stay away from geopolitical conflicts by reiterating their economic interests in the region, wrote Radio Liberty.

Furthermore, it is important to note Erdogan’s desire not only to capitalize on the Ukrainian grain trade and to strengthen his position by influencing the decisions of the countries of the North to join NATO, but also to act as as a political moderator between Russia and Ukraine, hoping thus to consolidate his influence on politics and in the region.

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